15key Karimba 'Nyunga Nyunga'
This instrument class represents the 15key, 6tone scale karimba, developed at Kwanongoma College of African Music in Bulawayo in the 1960s. Following the lead of Dumisani Maraire it later came to be called nyunga nyunga mbira. Despite the similar name, it is a very different instrument than the nyonganyonga of Mozambique, a close relative of the matepe.Its layout is an extension of Jege Tapera's karimba which originates from Tete province of Mozambique, with two keys added in the upper manuals (see Andrew Tracey's article Mbira Music of Jege A. Tapera).
Currently there are six notations. They are called
 Pitch.1
 Pitch+Octaves.1
 Pitch.4
 Pitch+Octaves.4
 Berliner
 Dumisani Maraire


All notations are convertible to and from Pitch.4. If a direct translation between two notations is not available, use an intermediate step across Pitch.4.
Pros and cons of different counting schemes
In Pitch.1 and Pitch+Octaves.1 notations, scale degrees 13 and 56 denote the notes of the kalimba core as in Andrew Tracey's The Original African Mbira?), which can be useful to compare [transcriptions on] different instruments.Pitch.4 and Pitch+Octaves.4 are there for compatibility with the "big" karimba, where this scheme works similar to a position notation on most manuals.
Click on the tabs below for a description of each notation:
The six scale degrees are numbered from 1 to 7, with the 4th missing.
Key Overview
The table below shows all keys of the notation, from lowest to highest. Each row contains all possible keys for that playing area. Each column contains all keys of the same pitch.Not all instruments may have keys matching all these notes. Red notes are alias names for the same key, if it can be played with different fingers.
Hosho  .  
LU  5  6  7  1  
LL  3,  1  2  3  
RI  5  6  7  1  
RT  1  5  6  7 
Aliases
The table below lists all alias keys. Row names are shown in black, cell content in red.Key  Alias  Notes 

RI1  LU1  Highest key in the center, either played with the left thumb or right index finger 
Same numbers as the Pitch.1 notation, but full octave indication.
Key Overview
The table below shows all keys of the notation, from lowest to highest. Each row contains all possible keys for that playing area. Each column contains all keys of the same pitch.Not all instruments may have keys matching all these notes. Red notes are alias names for the same key, if it can be played with different fingers.
Hosho  .  
LU  5  6  7  1'  
LL  3,  1  2  3  
RI  5  6  7  1'  
RT  1,  5,  6,  7, 
Aliases
The table below lists all alias keys. Row names are shown in black, cell content in red.Key  Alias  Notes 

RI1'  LU1'  Highest key in the center, either played with the left thumb or right index finger 
This is similar to the Pitch.1 notation, just counting 4 as the lowest key of the instrument. Scale degrees are numbered from 1 to 6. It is the same as the Pitch+Octaves.4 notation, with all octave indication omitted where it can be deduced from the playing area.
Key Overview
The table below shows all keys of the notation, from lowest to highest. Each row contains all possible keys for that playing area. Each column contains all keys of the same pitch.Not all instruments may have keys matching all these notes. Red notes are alias names for the same key, if it can be played with different fingers.
Hosho  .  
LU  1  2  3  4  
LL  6,  4  5  6  
RI  1  2  3  4  
RT  4  1  2  3 
Aliases
The table below lists all alias keys. Row names are shown in black, cell content in red.Key  Alias  Notes 

RI4  LU4  Highest key in the center, either played with the left thumb or right index finger 
Same numbers as the Pitch.4 notation, but full octave indication.
Key Overview
The table below shows all keys of the notation, from lowest to highest. Each row contains all possible keys for that playing area. Each column contains all keys of the same pitch.Not all instruments may have keys matching all these notes. Red notes are alias names for the same key, if it can be played with different fingers.
Hosho  .  
LU  1'  2'  3'  4'  
LL  6,  4  5  6  
RI  1'  2'  3'  4'  
RT  4,  1  2  3 
Aliases
The table below lists all alias keys. Row names are shown in black, cell content in red.Key  Alias  Notes 

RI4'  LU4'  Highest key in the center, either played with the left thumb or right index finger 
This is a positional notation which Paul Berliner uses this book "The Soul of Mbira". Keys in the upper row are marked with apostrophe. If right thumb and index finger play keys simultaneously, transcriptions need two rows labelled R.
Key Overview
The table below shows all keys of the notation, from lowest to highest. Each row contains all possible keys for that playing area. Each column contains all keys of the same pitch.Not all instruments may have keys matching all these notes. Red notes are alias names for the same key, if it can be played with different fingers.
Hosho  .  
L  1  2  3  4  2'  3'  4'  1'  
R  1  2  3  4  2'  3'  4'  1' 
Aliases
The table below lists all alias keys. Row names are shown in black, cell content in red.Key  Alias  Notes 

R1'  L1'  Highest key in the center, either played with the left thumb or right index finger 
In this popular positional notation by Dumisani Maraire keys are simply numbered 115 from left to right, according to their position on the soundboard.
To increase readability, two captions U and L are used for keys in the upper and lower ranks. If multiple lower keys are played simultaneously, transcriptions need two rows labelled L.
Key Overview
The table below shows all keys of the notation, from lowest to highest. Each row contains all possible keys for that playing area. Each column contains all keys of the same pitch.Not all instruments may have keys matching all these notes.
Hosho  .  
U  10  12  14  8  
U  6  4  2  
L  9  7  11  13  15  5  3  1 